What is cannabis addiction?
A destructive pattern of cannabis use ( charas , ganja or bhang) , leading to significant social, occupational or medical impairment.
What are the symptoms?
A) Three (or more) of the following, qualify for cannabis addiction:
1. Cannabis tolerance:
With time need for markedly increased amounts of cannabis to achieve intoxication. or markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of cannabis.
2. Presence of withdrawal effects on trying to decrease or stop consumption of cannabis.
3. Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control cannabis use
4. Great deal of time spent in using cannabis, or recovering from hangovers
5. Important social, occupational, or recreational activities given up or reduced because of cannabis use.
6. Continued using cannabis despite knowing it caused significant problems.
B) One or more of the following Associated Problems:
1. Learning Problem- decreased concentration, memory.
2. Psychosis – altered reality, characterized by delusions and hallucinations
3. Euphoric Mood for most of the day.
4. Depressed Mood for most of the day.
5. Sexual Dysfunction
6. Odd or Eccentric or Suspicious behavioral traits.
What is the Treatment?
a. De-addiction- A professional neuro-psychiatric check-up followed by step-wise de-addiction is followed.
The steps of de-addiction include:
i. Helping in battling the withdrawal effects
ii. Counseling to increase motivation and develop techniques for further resistance from the substance.
iii. Psychotherapy to battle any parallel mood disorders compelling for cannabis use.