Attention deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
What is Adhd?
It’s a neuro-psychiatric disorder. It’s caused due to genetic inheritance. It leads to hyperactivity and attention deficit.
It starts at childhood, and remains throughout life.
What are the Symptoms?
A) Attention Deficit:
An individual has attention deficit if he has six (or more) of the following symptoms:
1. often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities
2. often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
3. often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
4. often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions)
5. often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
6. often avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (such as schoolwork or homework)
7. often loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools)
8. is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
9. is often forgetful in daily activities
B) Hyperactivity Disorder:
An individual has hyperactivity-impulsivity disorder, he has six (or more) of the following symptoms:
1. often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
2. often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected
3. often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness)
4. often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly
5. is often "on the go" or often acts as if "driven by a motor"
often talks excessively
6. often blurts out answers before questions have been completed
7. often has difficulty awaiting turn
8. often interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g., butts into conversations or games)
How to Treat it?
The cure for ADHD requires:
a. prompt psychological analysis and diagnosis
b. parents, teachers and friends have to be made to understand the nature of the disease
c. keeping the mind and body through well structured activities keeps a control on the problem.
d. medications are preferred to increase concentration levels and decrease hyperactivity